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Marks and surfaces - test 115

Marks and surfaces - test 115

Marks and surfaces - series 115

Daler Rowney Layout Pad 45gsm (grams per square metre)


Sequence 1  1-4

1     Medium grade graphite pencil applied to the surface with heavy,

       vigorous strokes, plus colourless fixative. 

2     Hard grade graphite pencil applied - heavy vigorous strokes + fix.

3     Medium soft graphite pencil - heavy strokes to make a solid tone.

4     Soft grade pencil - heavy strokes to make a mesh of lines + fix.


Sequence 2   1-4

1     Ball point pen applied to build up an intricate mesh.

2     Thin willow charcoal applied with rapid strokes to make a mesh of lines,

       also a solid, fixative added.

3     Heavy black felt pen applied with abrasive strokes to make a close mesh.

4     Verso of previous test exhibited to demonstrate that bleeding

       is at a minimum.


Sequence 3   1-4

1     Spirit-based felt tip markers applied to the surface in vertical bands.

       Different tones of warm greys used including black.

2     Verso of previous test to demonstrate bleeding and quality change.

3     Water-based felt tipped pens applied in vertical bands.  Colours selected

       differ in tone, temperature and intensity.

4     Vero of previous test demonstrates lack of bleeding

       with water-based markers.


When working with light-weight papers, it is advisable to insert a sheet of card

between sheets to protect the sheet below.  If the paper is mounted using spray

mount or a self adhesive board, the surface will withstand vigorous treatment.

A rich graphite tone is possible (see  seq 1  No3)  particularly with soft grades

of pencil - 3B - 6B.

Due to translucency, all the tests show are visually affected by the underlying

colour of the board.  (4 sheet, Rose - Daler Studland Mounting board was used.)

The translucent quality of this paper has been used to create a variety of subtle

graphic effects.


Fine fibre tipped pens are effective on this surface, the ink flow is more intense

resulting in good saturation.  The paper has sufficient 'tooth' to register charcoal

drawing.  Erasure may prove difficult unless the paper is secured at the edges

with masking tape, or spray mounted onto card.  Spray-on fixative should be

misted with several thin coats as too much liquid will result in curling and cockling

of the surface.


Spirit-based pens used (seq 3 No 1-2) demonstrate a soft quality, as ink distributes

laterally into the fibres.  This may be pleasing to the eye however a sharper edge

may be obtained with water bases pens.  Spirit-based pens have the advantage that

the distribution of colour is very fluid, sesulting in an even, smooth colour surface.

(seq 3 Nos 2and4) demonstrate that little or no bleeding has occurred with the water

based felt tipped pens, there being visible only diffused bands of colour.

Working on the reverse side of the paper may be used as a special effect.





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